Black pepper and Light Berries : Madagascar increases its crop each year

Growing a pepper tree to get pepper Light berries and Black pepper (Piper nigrum) looks very difficult but you can still try. Black pepper is the most popular, dearest and most essential spice in the world, sold at a very high price and also called “Black Gold”.

Light berries and black peppers Madagascar
Light berries and black peppers Madagascar

Light berries and Black pepper native to southern India and widely grown there and also from other tropical regions such as Brazil, Myanmar and Indonesia. As a tropical plant, pepper grows mostly in the southern states of India and these states have a very humid climate (nearly 90% of the pepper culture of the world made there). This means that black pepper loves extremely humid climates where the temperature never falls below 16 ° C. It is a creeper with beautiful heart-shaped leaves (like the leaf of betel), it grows on a support and has aerial roots and produces a small tip of white flowers in summer before producing fruit.

How to grow black pepper from seeds?

Seeding of pepper seeds can be done, but only fresh seeds germinate, the seeds live for a very short period.

To propagate it from seeds, fill the container with a mixture of quality soil that contains a good amount of organic matter. Use your finger to make the holes, each 1cm deep and about 2 to 3cm apart. Drop a seed into each hole, then cover the ground. Water the seeds quite often and keep the soil moist. Light berries and Black pepper supplier in Madagascar.

The pepper can also be propagated from cuttings.

Pepper plantation:

Mix compost and potting soil before planting. Make a hole in the soil and plant the seedlings of black pepper or green peppers or plants at the same depth they were grown in their previous pot. Firmly tamp the soil around the base of the plant to keep it in the proper position and water.

If you plant in pots, use a large enough pot as peppers have an extensive root system.

Location:

When planting Light berries and Black pepper trees, be sure to choose a spot that stays moist and the temperature constantly maintained around 24 to 30 C. However, pepper plant can still tolerate temperatures between 10 and 40 C. .

Floor :

Peppers prefer fertile soils and medium clay that retain a light moisture. Good drainage is always essential, waterlogged soils can damage the plant. The pH level of the soil should be between 5.5 and 7.

 

 

Sunshine :

Look for the discrete shadow, a place that receives a filtered daylight is optimal because the plant can be damaged if exposed to too much direct sunlight. If planting is done in a sunny area, a rag should be used to shade and filter sunlight to at least 50%.

Watering:

Make sure to water it well to keep the soil always slightly damp, so you do not dry the soil between watering.

Light berries and Black pepper black pepper Humidity:

The pepper tree loves moisture, the more it has, the better. For this, mist the plant often enough with fresh water. If you grow black pepper in pots, place them on a saucer filled with water, this will also increase the level of moisture.

Mulch:

Make mulching with organic matter to conserve moisture and avoid weeds.

Harvesting black pepper seeds:

Black, white or light berries are actually harvested from a single plant. The color depends on the different degrees of maturation and how the pepper is processed.

If the pepper fruit is harvested before maturity and then dried in the hot sun, after drying it becomes wrinkled and black.

Pests and diseases:

The most common disease that infects the pepper plant is root rot, which occurs due to excess heat. In pests it can be attacked by aphids, slugs and insects. Pay attention to red spiders when growing indoors. MadaMarket Export is a supplier of Light berries and Black pepper from Madagascar